Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or enlarged prostate is a common condition in men due to aging. It is thought that BPH is caused by hormone changes in connection with aging.
Diagnosis of an enlarged prostate involves a medical history, physical examination, a urine test, a prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test and a digital rectal exam. More involved testing may be recommended including a cystoscopy, ultrasound or urodynamics.
Treatment depends on how enlarged the prostate is. For men with mild symptoms, medication may be prescribed. For more severe symptoms, minimally invasive treatments or surgery may be performed. Your physician can discuss these options with you in greater detail.