Bladder cancer is a tumor within the bladder. It is more common in men than women, being the fourth most common type of cancer for men and the eighth most common for women.
Bladder cancer is diagnosed by urine tests, x-rays, CT scan or ultrasound. A cystoscopy and biopsy may be performed if bladder cancer is suspected. A complete physical examination including medical history is also necessary to determine if a person is high risk. Cigarette smoking and an exposure to carcinogens increase the risk of bladder cancer. Bladder cancer cannot be prevented, but by not smoking and drinking plenty of fluids, the risk of bladder cancer can be lessened.
Depending on the stage of the bladder cancer, there are numerous ways to treat it. These include surgery, intravesicle medication (within the bladder only), intravenous chemotherapy, and radiation. Your physician can discuss these options with you in greater detail.