Urinary incontinence is any type of involuntary loss of urine, no matter what the duration or amount of leakage. Urinary incontinence is more common in women then men. After women reach middle age, after a vaginal delivery or a hysterectomy, stress urinary incontinence is very typical. This is when there is urine loss during coughing, sneezing laughing or physical activity. An overactive bladder is another type of urinary incontinence. This occurs when there is a frequent and urgent need to pass urine.
Urinary incontinence is diagnosed in several ways. A medical history, including a discussion of voiding patterns, a physical examination, a urine test and a cystoscopy or urodynamics procedure will be done. This information will help determine the type of urinary incontinence and determine which treatment option will be most appropriate.
Treatment depends on the type and severity of the incontinence. Medication, injections and surgery are possible options. Your physician can discuss these options with you in greater detail.